What: A Hysterosalpingogram is a study of the uterus and fallopian tubes, which is typically performed 10 days from the onset of the patient's last menstrual cycle. It is used to determine if the fallopian tubes are open, or if there are any apparent abnormalities or defects in the uterus. It can be used to detect tumors, scar tissue, or tears in the lining of the uterus. This procedure is often used to help diagnose infertility in women.
What to expect: Your legs will be bent with your feet on the outer edges of the table. X-ray equipment will be placed above your abdomen.
A speculum will be inserted into your vagina and a catheter (a thin, flexible tube) will be guided into the uterus through the cervix (the opening to the uterus). A small balloon in the catheter is inflated to hold it in place. A liquid water-based dye is injected through the catheter into the uterus. This process may cause cramping, minimal spotting/bleeding, and discomfort.
The radiologists will watch for blockages or abnormalities on an X-ray monitor as the dye spreads. Some patients experience mild cramping during this procedure. This procedure takes approximately 45 minutes.